Home Chemical Structure Glycolic acid

Chemical Structure of Glycolic acid (C2H4O3)

Identification of Glycolic acid Chemical Compound

2D chemical structure image of glycolic acid
Chemical Formula C2H4O3
Molecular Weight 76.05136 g/mol
IUPAC Name 2-hydroxyacetic acid
SMILES String OCC(O)=O
InChI InChI=1S/C2H4O3/c3-1-2(4)5/h3H,1H2,(H,4,5)
InChIKey AEMRFAOFKBGASW-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Chemical Structure Description

A chemical structure of a molecule includes the arrangement of atoms and the chemical bonds that hold the atoms together. The glycolic acid molecule contains a total of 8 bond(s). There are 4 non-H bond(s), 1 multiple bond(s), 1 rotatable bond(s), 1 double bond(s), 1 carboxylic acid(s) (aliphatic), 2 hydroxyl group(s) and 1 primary alcohol(s).
Images of the chemical structure of glycolic acid are given below:

2D chemical structure image of glycolic acid
2-dimensional (2D) chemical structure image of glycolic acid
3D chemical structure image of glycolic acid
3-dimensional (3D) chemical structure image of glycolic acid

The 2D chemical structure image of glycolic acid is also called skeletal formula, which is the standard notation for organic molecules. The carbon atoms in the chemical structure of glycolic acid are implied to be located at the corner(s) and hydrogen atoms attached to carbon atoms are not indicated – each carbon atom is considered to be associated with enough hydrogen atoms to provide the carbon atom with four bonds.

The 3D chemical structure image of glycolic acid is based on the ball-and-stick model which displays both the three-dimensional position of the atoms and the bonds between them. The radius of the spheres is therefore smaller than the rod lengths in order to provide a clearer view of the atoms and bonds throughout the chemical structure model of glycolic acid.


An Interactive 3-dimensional (3D) Visualization of Glycolic acid

For a better understanding of the chemical structure, an interactive 3D visualization of glycolic acid is provided here.

The glycolic acid molecule shown in the visualization screen can be rotated interactively by keep clicking and moving the mouse button. Mouse wheel zoom is available as well – the size of the glycolic acid molecule can be increased or decreased by scrolling the mouse wheel.

The information of the atoms, bonds, connectivity and coordinates included in the chemical structure of glycolic acid can easily be identified by this visualization. By right-clicking the visualization screen, various other options are available including the visualization of van der Waals surface and exporting to a image file.


Additional Information for Identifying Glycolic acid Molecule

  • SMILES (Simplified Molecular-Input Line-Entry System) string of glycolic acid

    The SMILES string of glycolic acid is OCC(O)=O, which can be can be imported by most molecule editors for conversion back into two-dimensional drawings or three-dimensional models of the glycolic acid.

  • Structure Data File (SDF/MOL File) of glycolic acid

    The structure data file (SDF/MOL File) of glycolic acid is available for download in the SDF page of glycolic acid, which provides the information about the atoms, bonds, connectivity and coordinates of glycolic acid. The glycolic acid structure data file can be imported to most of the cheminformatics software systems and applications.

  • Chemical formula of glycolic acid

    The molecular formula of glycolic acid is available in chemical formula page of glycolic acid, which identifies each constituent element by its chemical symbol and indicates the proportionate number of atoms of each element.

  • Molecular weight of glycolic acid

    The molecular weight of glycolic acid is available in molecular weight page of glycolic acid, which is calculated as the sum of the atomic weights of each constituent element multiplied by the number of atoms of that element in the molecular formula.

  • Other names (synonyms) or registry numbers of glycolic acid

    The glycolic acid compound may be called differently depending on the various different situations of industrial applications. Below are the list of the other names (synonyms) of glycolic acid including the various registry numbers, if available:

    • ARONIS23902
    • glycolic acid
    • hydroxyacetic acid
    • 2-Hydroxyacetic acid
    • 79-14-1
    • Hydroxyethanoic acid
    • Glycollic acid
    • Acetic acid, hydroxy-
    • glycolate
    • Caswell No. 470
    • Kyselina glykolova
    • Kyselina glykolova [Czech]
    • Kyselina hydroxyoctova
    • glycolicacid
    • HOCH2COOH
    • Kyselina hydroxyoctova [Czech]
    • Glycocide
    • alpha-Hydroxyacetic acid
    • POLYGLYCOLIC ACID
    • EPA Pesticide Chemical Code 000101
    • GlyPure
    • GlyPure 70
    • GLYCOLLATE
    • C2H4O3
    • 2-Hydroxyethanoic acid
    • Acetic acid, hydroxy-, homopolymer
    • Acetic acid, 2-hydroxy-
    • .alpha.-Hydroxyacetic acid
    • Acetic acid, 2-hydroxy-, homopolymer
    • MFCD00004312
    • Glycolic acid-13C2
    • Polyglycollic acid
    • 26009-03-0
    • 26124-68-5
    • GOA
    • Dexon (polyester)
    • 259744-22-4
    • Poly(L-glycolic acid)
    • Glycolic acid homopolymer
    • Polyglycolide
    • Hydroxyacetic acid homopolymer
    • Hydroxyethanoate
    • a-Hydroxyacetate
    • Dicarbonous acid
    • hydroxy-acetic acid
    • alpha-Hydroxyacetate
    • hydroxyl acetic acid
    • a-Hydroxyacetic acid
    • Glycolic Acid 70%
    • 2-hydroxy acetic acid
    • 2-hydroxy-acetic acid
    • omega-Hydroxy fatty acid
    • 2-hydroxyl ethanoic acid
    • Glycolic acid, polyesters
    • bmse000245
    • Glycolic acid (7CI,8CI)
    • GLYCOLIC ACID, CRYST
    • ETHYLDIOXY, 2-OXO-
    • Glycolic acid, p.a., 98%
    • 0WT12SX38S
    • Acetic acid, hydroxy- (9CI)
    • HMDB00115
    • Glycolic acid solution, 56-58%
    • Glycolic acid, >=97.0% (T)
    • ANW-37261
    • 1932-50-9 (mono-potassium salt)
    • 39663-84-8 (mono-lithium salt)
    • Glycolic acid, ReagentPlus(R), 99%
    • 35249-89-9 (mono-ammonium salt)
    • Glycolic acid solution, puriss., 70%
    • RTR-037849
    • CAS-79-14-1
    • TRA-0184681
    • 2836-32-0 (mono-hydrochloride salt)
    • K398
    • Glycolic acid solution, CP, 70% in H2O
    • 25904-89-6 (unspecified potassium salt)
    • G0110
    • G0196
    • Glycolic acid, SAJ special grade, >=98.0%
    • Glycolic Acid, pharmaceutical secondary standard
    • Glycolic acid, Vetec(TM) reagent grade, 98%
    • M-7418
    • Glycolic acid, BioXtra, >=98.0% (titration)
    • Glycolic acid solution, technical, ~55% in H2O
    • I04-1094
    • J-509661
    • F2191-0224
    • Glycolic acid solution, high purity, 70 wt. % in H2O
    • Z1259155884
    • 287EB351-FF9F-4A67-B4B9-D626406C9B13
    • Glycolic acid solution, technical grade, 70 wt. % in H2O
    • Glycolic acid, certified reference material, TraceCERT(R)
    • Glycolic acid, anhydrous, free-flowing, Redi-Dri(TM), ReagentPlus(R), 99%
    • ALPHA/BETA HYDROXY ACIDS (GLYCOLIC ACID) (SEE ALSO ALPHA/BETA HYDROXY ACIDS)
    • 1033720-45-4
    • 1033720-48-7
    • 702627-33-6
    • BBC/181
    • ZX-AS004398
    • BBV-39824206
    • EN300-19242

Glycolic acid Identification Summary Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

  • What’s the chemical formula of glycolic acid?

    C2H4O3
  • How many atoms and what are the elements included the glycolic acid molecule?

    9 atom(s) – 4 Hydrogen atom(s), 2 Carbon atom(s) and 3 Oxygen atom(s)
  • How many chemical bonds and what kind of bonds are included the glycolic acid structure?

    8 bond(s) – 4 non-H bond(s), 1 multiple bond(s), 1 rotatable bond(s), 1 double bond(s), 1 carboxylic acid(s) (aliphatic), 2 hydroxyl group(s) and 1 primary alcohol(s)
  • What’s the glycolic acid’s molecular weight?

    76.05136 g/mol
  • What’s the SMILES code of glycolic acid?

    OCC(O)=O
  • What’s the InChI string of glycolic acid?

    InChI=1S/C2H4O3/c3-1-2(4)5/h3H,1H2,(H,4,5)
  • What’s the InChIKey code of glycolic acid?

    AEMRFAOFKBGASW-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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Source: Mol-Instincts Chemical Database, Predicted on Quantum.
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